In this article we will take a closer look at how AI is being used to detect photoshopped images and also the virtual worlds, that might become the internet of the future. One of the more crazy things AI might be used for is accident prevention and even predicting the future.
AI tool automatically spots Photoshopped faces
Photoshop has long been one of the primary sources of manipulated photos and imagery, so in an attempt to counter the fake news epidemic, Adobe has also started developing tools that can both detect when an image has been manipulated, and reverse the changes to reveal the original. Last year its engineers created an AI tool that detects edited media created by splicing, cloning, and removing objects.
“While we are proud of the impact that Photoshop and Adobe’s other creative tools have made on the world, we also recognize the ethical implications of our technology,” Adobe said in a company blog post. “Fake content is a serious and increasingly pressing issue.”
This is far from the first time Adobe has come up with ways to try and counter misuse of its products. Already built into Photoshop are image recognition tools that prevent scans or photos of certain bank notes from being opened at all, although it’s far from foolproof.
“The idea of a magic universal ‘undo’ button to revert image edits is still far from reality,” Adobe researcher Richard Zhang
To create the software, engineers trained a neural network on a database of paired faces, containing images both before and after they’d been edited using Liquify.
The resulting algorithm is impressively effective. When asked to spot a sample of edited faces, human volunteers got the right answer 53 percent of the time, while the algorithm was correct 99 percent of the time.
Since it’s limited to just faces tweaked by this Photoshop tool, don’t expect this research to form any significant barrier against the forces of evil lawlessly tweaking faces left and right out there. But this is just one of many small starts in the growing field of digital forensics.
“We live in a world where it’s becoming harder to trust the digital information we consume,” said Adobe’s Richard Zhang, who worked on the project, “and I look forward to further exploring this area of research.”
A virtual world is a computer-based online community environment that is designed and shared by individuals so that they can interact in a custom-built, simulated world. These worlds are still being created, but you can already buy such things as expensive houses and other virtual products.
Why buy virtual land for real money? Because when you are in VR with your friends in VR too; playing, building, learning, socializing and just plain having fun you forget that its not physically real! Modern virtual reality is “good enough” providing enough data to the eyes, ears and brain to simulate reality and immerse you into completely new world.
One of these worlds is called Decantraland, but it’s far from the only one. Most of the giant tech companies are all working on virtual worlds. Facebook have shown they can use this technology in several ways, not just in the virtual world. In order for virtual worlds to become a success, they have to very realistic and the new software developed by Facebook will help to achieve that. By combining products like Alexa or other personal assistants with this technology Facebook hopes to get info from the real world that eventually will be used graphically in these virtual worlds. So expect personal assistant to advertised as personal helpers too, making it easier to find a lost book or your keys by being better at monitoring your actions and the environment.
These virtual worlds will start out as simple rooms for chatting in console/PC games and through social media, but they will quickly evolve to be the way we go online. The internet as we know it today has made the world smaller and made it easier to connect with people around the world, but virtual worlds will make it even easier. The technology has the potential to change many aspects of our lives, such as traveling, where these worlds would be able to instantly send us to anywhere in the world. That could impact the travel industry and how tourism works. Another aspect where this technology could have a huge impact is in education and not just in the technological advanced countries. It would benefit the poor and very uneducated in ways that could change entire nations or even continents.
One of the more “out there” ideas for this technology is to create virtual worlds, where we humans can upload our minds in order to live forever.
AI can predict the future
Scientists often say, that nothing happens by coincidence. Everything can be measured and analysed, which is what AI systems actually do when it is predicting the future. The AI systems might not be able to look far out in the future or determine our fates when we are born (not yet), but they can determine if people are in danger of a premature death. They can see workplace accidents before they happen, determine a users actions on social media, when people are going to take sick days off work, chances of mental health issues or what product you will buy next.